Ballymaloe Irish Brown Bread
One of the high points of going to Ireland is the Irish breakfast. In France, breakfast is usually some toast and coffee, and I’m fine with that – although a few hours later, I usually have a plain yogurt with some dark honey or a bowl of fresh fruit, to tide me over until lunch. The Irish breakfast, on the other hand, is a major repast with several kinds of sausages, bacon, eggs, and a few other goodies to make sure there is no empty room on your plate when they bring it out.
I’m a big bread eater, and never shy away from a bread plate no matter where I am, and have never had such good soda breads as I’ve had in Ireland. I learned much of it is because the wheat is milled in such as way that it remains very coarse, giving the breads their special hardy texture and flavor. Bread made with coarse-milled flour actually crunches when you bite into it. I love it!
At Ballymaloe House, to accompany the Irish breakfast, they serve soda bread, Irish scones (similar to what we call “biscuits” in the states), and brown yeast bread, to eat alongside. They leave the loaves on cutting boards so you can help yourself. (I am always tempted to help myself to a whole loaf, and bring it back to my room to finish it off.) When I was there for the Literary Festival, Tim Allen, the son of Myrtle Allen, who started growing vegetables at Ballymaloe in 1947, and decided to open a restaurant, hotel, and eventually a cooking school adjacent to the gardens, kindly offered to take me in their cooking school kitchen to show me how it’s made.
Tim told me that this bread was invented because they wanted to come up with a simple loaf of bread that anybody could make, one that was simple to put together, as well as being wholesome and nutritious. They believe that everyone should know how to make a basic loaf of bread. After decades of testing and baking, they settled on this one, which requires just a few minutes of mixing, no kneading (well before no-kneading became popular), and there’s no need one- to two-hour waits for the bread to rise either. Best of all, it tastes great. Unlike other whole wheat breads that tend to have soft, unimpressive crusts, this one gets an extra-crisp exterior from a special technique he showed me when the loaf was nearly finished baking.
After I got home, I set about testing it because I wanted to see if the bread would taste the same in my kitchen, with ingredients that I could find close to me. Ballymaloe kindly packed me up some of the flour that they use, so I had that, and I headed to my local natural food store to get regular whole wheat flour (T150, in France) to do a side-by-side comparison, which I’ll get to in a minute.
Regarding the yeast to use, we had a chat about the differences between fresh yeast and active dry yeast, and they prefer to use fresh yeast. Tim also told me (and I’m not sure if you want, or should, try this at home), that they took non-stick loaf pans, smear oil on them, and burn the heck out of them in the oven.
“That’s how you make non-stick bakeware,” he told me. I didn’t have a few years to get my pan seasoned the same way, but after a few trial and errors (I figured you didn’t want to wait that long either), I had good results using non-stick spray in a non-stick pan lined with parchment paper on the bottom.
Which brings me to an important point: I tested the recipe a number of times and if you want to use other ingredients, or alter the technique, the results may not be exactly the same. I used the exact same ingredients as theirs, as well as locally available flour, but my pans and oven were different and had slightly varying results. The only difference as you’ll see later is that my loaves were a bit lighter in color and using standard whole-wheat flour produced a nice loaf, although different from one using Irish flour.
Since very few ingredients are in this bread, if you can find it, use coarse, stone-ground whole wheat bread flour. It gives the bread its particularly unique flavor and texture. The brand they use at Ballymaloe is Kells Wholemeal Flour made with local Irish (and Canadian) wheat. I visited their website and saw a lovely selection of whole-wheat (or wholemeal, as they call them) flours, but wanted to pinpoint which one. So I wrote to them and a few hours later, Robert Mosse, a member of the family who owns the mill, wrote back to me with some answers.
Robert told me that they mill the flour so it has a coarse texture. Other countries, including France, mill flour finely because that’s what people prefer to making their styles of bread. At Kells (as well as with other Irish brands), the flour is meant to be used in soda breads, which are popular in Ireland, so it’s less powdery, more granular when you run your fingers through it. Also because the flour is stoneground, Robert told me, it gets a slightly roasted flavor from being heated up a bit during the milling process, which gives it that “unique flavor.” He also added, proudly – “And of course it’s local Irish wheat!”
However the good news is that they told me they are going to begin carrying it in 1,5kg bags under the name of their home-baking company, The Little Mill, which will be available next month in Ireland. The Ballymaloe flour is Bakers Wholemeal, which doesn’t help much unless you live in Ireland and want to buy it in 25# sacks, but he mentioned that very soon The Little Mill will begin selling it by mail-order.
If you live in the United States, coarse whole-wheat “Irish-style” flour is available from King Arthur Flour. When I tested the recipe with the French whole-wheat flour versus the Irish coarsely ground flour, there was no comparison: The Irish flour took the bread to a whole other level and the crumb was just like the loaves at Ballymaloe. The bread made with standard whole-wheat flour was just fine, but certainly not as good as the other one. The dough with the regular flour was a little bit sticky and stretchy, the one made with Irish flour was shaggy and coarse. You can see the texture here.
All that said, the spirit of this loaf is that it’s something that anyone can make at home, so don’t fret. Authenticity is a noble cause, but we shouldn’t be beholden to it. Even though I had the same ingredients, my loaves came out different because of various other factors – my oven, loaf pan material, etc. Most recipes and foods have been adapted for the various countries and kitchens they’re prepared in, and you should feel free to do the same with this one. Speaking of baking in various countries, when I was testing this recipe, I got a lovely note for a cook in Ohio who’d been making it in her restaurant kitchen for eighteen years, and I’ve summed up her notes and findings at the end of this post.
This brown yeasted bread could not be simpler to make. You proof the yeast in warm water with the molasses, mix it a few moments later with the dry ingredients, let it sit for about ten minutes, then scrape it into a pan. Once it has risen to the top of the pan (just like above), pop it in the oven and let it bake until almost done, then tip it out onto the rack of the oven and let it finish baking. That gives the bread it’s distinctive crisp, thick crust. In the restaurant kitchen at Ballymaloe House, the chef arrives at 6am to get the bread started, and pulls the loaves out by the time the first guests arrive in the dining room for breakfast around 8am. So you can start a loaf in the afternoon and have it for dinner. And if you want to get up at 6am, you could have it fresh for breakfast, too.
Over in the restaurant kitchen, they showed me the pans they use, which Tim said are (or were, before they got so heavily seasoned) nonstick loaf pans that they oiled then “baked the heck out of.” They’ve been using the same pans for years – obviously.
I loved the way mine came out, almost exactly like their loaves. Because ovens/pans are different, mine was a bit lighter on the outside, but inside, the rugged taste of the whole-wheat flour came shining through, and it was hard to wait long enough to let the loaf cool before lopping off a few slices.
So give this simple bread a try. For breakfast, it’s great fresh, or toasted with a swipe of salted butter and either some honey or jam. It’s easy enough to make and requires almost no effort – just about five minutes of active work. And you too can have fresh bread on the table whenever you want, no matter where you are.