Jook

blogjook

French supermarkets are funny places. In my book, I touched upon that touchy subject, as well as a few others. But let’s not get into that here; let’s just say that they’re not the best places to buy fresh produce. Which may explain the mystery of the liberal use of canned corn around here.

When I came back from a recent trip, on a late weekend afternoon, I had no choice but to go to my local supermarket to feed myself. I didn’t want to buy much, preferring to wait until I could go to my market the next day, but it was necessary to go and get a few provisions. In the produce aisle, I bypassed the sad bunches of wilted cilantro, I didn’t stop to pick up any yellowed, spring onions shipped from another hemisphere where it’s definitely not spring, nor was I particularly interested in Chinese apples.

But eventually I found what I wanted and headed to the checkout.

I put my purchase on the belt, and when it reached the cashier, she looked puzzled, then confessed that she had no idea what it was. After much head-scratching on her part, and an unanswered call for help to one of her co-workers (who were likely out on a rare cigarette break), I went over and took the pricing sign down from the produce aisle and brought it over to her. It’s a strategy I usually employ only when they refuse to believe me that something I’m buying is actually on sale, as advertised. But I’m glad to know my bargain-assuring technique is an educational tool as well.

asian condiments ginger

She picked up the gnarly piece of fresh ginger, and completely perplexed, asked me, “What is this?”

I was a bit surprised that someone wouldn’t know what fresh ginger was. I know it’s not common in French cuisine, but still, it’s not exactly a rarity either. So I explained it was a spicy root (ok, it’s technically a rhizome, but for argument’s sake, I wanted to keep it simple…anyone with a problem with that is welcome to head over there and explain to her what the difference between a root and a rhizome is. But if she didn’t know what fresh ginger was, well–I wish you the best of luck) and told her that ginger was good candied, or used in various ethnic dishes, most notably Asian ones.

I also added that it was “Très bon pour la santé” (“Very good for your health”), which is an excellent method to get French people to try something new. I actually got someone who was skeptical of a cake with vegetables in it to try carrot cake, by reasoning that because it had carrots in it, it was good for him. I did somehow omit that the cream cheese frosting he was eating might counteract any of the benefits of the carrots, but he seemed to be enjoying it too much.

mushrooms

With that ginger, I made Jook, which is one of my stand-by meals because you can make it with ingredients you likely have on hand, including frozen peas and chicken breasts, and dried Chinese mushrooms, which I stock just for moments like that. (And from now on, I’m keeping ginger in the freezer as well.)

The other night, I went to a terrific restaurant, Cul de Poule, which means “Hen’s Butt” in French. The food is really good, not fancy, but prepared with just enough care to make you realize you’re eating in a restaurant. It’s a place where the friendly staff takes the food seriously, but not to any extremes. There’s no verrines or lines of sauce or plates rimmed with powder, but if you mind sitting four centimeters away from your neighbors or you need to sit in plush chairs, then this not the place for you. But if you like good ingredients, definitely not sourced from the local supermarché, prepared with simplicity and care, it’s a très bonne adresse.

bacon

The only downside was that the next day, I woke up with a gueule de bois, my head pounding from drinking a bit too much vin naturel. Whether it was the wine, or the quantity of it, I puttered around the house in my pajamas for most of the day, until I discovered Romain’s stash of Paracétamol, one of the French wonder-drugs (an effervescent version of acetaminophen, which I hope he’s not taking because of a certain américain), and almost instantly, things took a turn for the better.

jookblog

That, combined with the batch of Jook that I cooked up as well, that is. I can’t say Jook will cure all that ails you, but it certainly helps. And believe me, a lot of times, I need it.

Jook

Six to eight servings

Jook also goes by the name congee, a word which doesn’t sounds appealing to me. (Kinda like, “Would you like some gruel?”…um, no thanks…) A Chinese cook I worked with told me that jook means “arrow.” I don’t know if that’s true, but whenever I drink a bowl, I feel like it hits the bulls-eye.

Don’t try to stick too close to the recipe; use it as a springboard for what’s available. Like the dried mushrooms, for example, could be swapped out with some fresh, sautéed ones. I’ve given some suggestions, but like most soup recipes, this lends itself to plenty of customization.

1. Take 1 cup unrinsed short grain rice, and put it in a big pot with 8 cups of water and 2 cups chicken stock (or use all water, if you don’t have stock). Let it simmer for about an hour or so, over low heat, until the rice is completely soft and swollen.

2. Meanwhile, soak a large handful of dried Chinese mushrooms in boiling water or shaoxing, and let them sit until soft. Firmly squeeze out the liquid, trim off any hard stems and thinly slice the mushrooms. Then dd them to the pot along with a 2-inch (5cm) piece of fresh ginger that you’ve peeled and minced.

3. At this point, you can add…

-frozen or fresh peas
-diced chicken or turkey breast, cooked or uncooked
-cubes of lap chong (Chinese sausage) or slab bacon, cooked or uncooked
-finely-diced carrots
-raw peeled shrimp
-a big dash of fish sauce (see Note)

4. Then I simmer the soup for about thirty minutes more, to meld all the flavors. So much depends on the rice that it’s hard to note exact cooking times. But this is rustic fare, so just use your judgment and cook it until the grains of rice are very plump and tender and the ingredients look happy together. When done, the jook should be soupy and runny, not thick enough to hold a spoon. But there’s no standard for jook-consistency, so it’s right when it’s as you like it.

5. Possible garnishes are sliced scallions and/or cilantro. I am a big fan of frying cubes of bacon until crisp them and adding them to each bowl of soup. Smoked tofu, cut into cubes, would work for a vegetarian bowl. Scatter a few roasted peanuts on top, or finish with deep-fried shallots.

(Jennifer brought me some amazing deep-fried onions from the south of France, which are the ‘local’ version of French fried onions.)

Note: To me, the dash of fish sauce is pretty much obligatory to add to the jook, in my opinion, and adds an elusive background flavor. If you don’t have any, add a sprinkle of salt. If you want to be more egalitarian, bottles of soy sauce, chile paste, and sesame oil can go on the table so folks can help themselves. I don’t like soy sauce, though, since too much of it quickly overwhelms everything else in the soup.

Jook will thicken if refrigerated, so just thin it with more water or stock if you store leftovers in there. Although this makes a great lunch or dinner, it’s popular with some folks for breakfast, too.

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103 comments

  • I have a Korean American background and my memories of jook is plain rice boiled to a thick porridge consistency and flavored with a bit of soy sauce. The only time my mom made it was when one of us was unwell as it really had very little taste. My husband has a Cantones Australian background and his mother is a wonderful cook. I’ve had many versions of jook made by his mom with different stocks and mysterious meats and preserved, gelatinous eggs – none of it very appetizing to me. This is probably one of the only things she makes that I can’t eat.

    So in our mixed ethnic household we have come up with a very good jook compromise. I make a flavorful chicken stock using a whole chicken and loads of fresh ginger and simmer it for half an hour at which point I remove the breasts and continue simmering the rest of the chicken for a couple of hours. I then strain the stock and add the rice until it reaches the consistency we like, where the grains are almost falling apart but still intact. To this we add back the shredded chicken breast and flavor it with fish sauce, white pepper, a touch of soy, toasted sesame seed oil, some sort of raw vegetable (e.g. bok choi) that cooks in the jook. My husband likes to added raw marinated seafood (shelled prawns, thinly sliced squid and fish) and, of course, cilantro. And the final ingredient that really takes it to the next level is a small swig of whiskey for each bowl. Try it the next time you make jook. I was skeptical at first, but it really does elevate the dish. It goes particularly well with the added seafood.

    I’ve also made this with brown rice especially when my son was a baby for the added nutritional benefit. If cooked long enough, with more water or stock, you can achieve the same consistency and it has a nice nutty taste. He was practically weened on this (now that he is almost six, he says he doesn’t like it any more, so sad, and my 2 yo old daughter has never liked it, but might try it with peas as she eats anything with peas). But I must say that I prefer the white rice version as the rice is really a vehicle for all the other flavors you add to it.

    And last thing, your version of jook as pictured looks like a version I’ve had in some Korean restaurants (Woo Lae Oak in New York) except theirs features finely diced abalone.

  • Don’t know if you’ve tried the thousand year old egg but i love to add it to my savory jook or cha’o (in Vietnamese) :-)

  • my mom would make me jook whenever I was sick because it is easy to digest. in college, i would always make it for my friends after a rough night of drinking! it always did the trick.

    in the fall my mom would make hobakjook (butternut squash/pumpkin porridge)…she used glutinous rice powder to thicken instead of rice, and made rice balls in it too, it warms your whole tummy up.

    have you ever tried abalone jook? delicious! its made with most of the ingredients you listed above, but my mom would sub kombu (dried sea kelp broth) for the water.

    for chicken jook (aka samgyetang) i recommend covering whole chicken w/ water, boil w/ dried ginseng, dates, chestnuts, garlic, kosher salt for about an hour and sweet rice. when done add sliced green onion and black pepper powder. so delicious

    i was on your site looking at your matzoh chocolate recipes for my boyfriend & stumbled on your korean recipes! do you have a good latkes recipe? he is convinced latkes are better than korean kahmjah jeon (potato pancakes)